Countries and Customs Agencies regulating and promoting GS1 standards




Relevant links to regulation and custom statements



The Ministry of Trade and Export Promotion 

USDA Import Regulations and Standards Country report - Algeria

Published March 2021


Administración Federal de Ingresos Públicos (Tax revenue agency of Argentina) 


In force, Nov 2015 Resolution 3814/2015 AFIP


Canada Border Services Agency; Health Canada

Canada Border Services Agency Single Window Initiative  

Single Window Data Element requirements 



General Administration of Customs China

General Administration of Customs Chongqing, China 

Customs declaration ushers in the era of “GTIN”

Implemented 2019


Ministry of Finance Egypt 

Decree of the Minister of Finance number 38:2021 concerning Advance Cargo Information 

Issued April 2021

European Union 

EU Customs Authorities


In force July 2021


Tax Authority Mongolia ; Customs Mongolia 

Link 1

Link 2


New Zealand

New Zealand Customs Service 

Import Declaration Requirements 

Export Declaration Requirements 

Customs (Deemed Entry of Goods) Rules 2021

In force May 2021

Saudi Arabia

Saudi standard, measurement and quality organization (SASO) 

Link 1


In force 2020


US Customs and Border Protection

Notice by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection on “Global Business Identifier”

CBP 2021 Virtual Trade Week Briefing: “ Global Business Identifier (GBI) Initiative”

POC 2022 participation by China, UK, Italy, France, Vietnam, Canada, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand




Reference Document and Relevant Link / Stauts

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation APEC

“The use of GDS Product Identification Code can help expedite and improve upon the process of sharing product data between exporters, regulatory agencies and importers. This is done by including the goods/commodity identifier in the import declaration form. The identifier will link to the National Product Catalogue/Global Data Synchronization Network (GDSN) as a source of data for the import of goods/commodities to help admission decisions and expedite clearance.”

APEC Guidelines and Best Practices for the Adoption of Global Data Standards (2020)

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Business Advisory Council ABAC 

“Foster a regional deployment program of various Global Data Standards (GDS) in digital systems as a basis for traceability, risk assessment, and facilitation of smooth trade process, building on information sharing between ABAC and APEC policymakers and enhanced dialogue among APEC Customs agencies.” 

ABAC Report to Ministers Responsible for Trade (2021) 

Asian Development Bank 

“Many supply chains use GS1 standards as a matter of course to track and identify goods within the chain, but the system can grind to a halt when those goods hit a border. There, the same goods can be subjected to a range of individual methods of identification that differ from country to country and are not transferable to other jurisdictions. One swipe of a barcode reader may be all that is needed to identify a pallet of goods at a retailer but when it crosses a border in Asia that same pallet may need to be accompanied by a pile of forms to detail the same information.” 

“How Standardised Barcodes can make Global Supply Chains more transparent” - Steven Beck (Head of ADB’s Trade and Supply Chain Finance Programme)

International Chamber of Commerce Digital Standards Initiative ICCDSI & World Trade Organization WTO

“…using globally accepted and standardised identifiers and code schemes can unlock great advantages for trade partners as they participate in the global economy and international trade. This would facilitate the creation and sharing of unique ‘end-toend’ identification of subjects and objects, resulting in richer, high-quality data in the international supply chain."

"Identifier Standards for Objects: [GTIN] Identifies products at any packaging level (e.g., consumer unit, inner pack, case, pallet). Individual instance(s) can be uniquely identified by combining the GTIN with batch/lot number, serial number.” 

ICCDSI & WTO Standards Toolkit for Cross-Border Paperless Trade (2022) 

World Customs Organization

There have been extensive discussions in the World Customs Organization on how the use of product identification numbers can complement the current use of HS classification at the border by giving more granular information about a product and its provenance, supporting more effective risk management.  

WCO Permanent Technical Committee (2018) 

World Economic Forum WEF & World Trade Organization WTO

“The GTIN uniquely identifies products both online and in-store, and border agencies are increasingly requiring traders to provide GTINs in addition to HS codes.”  

“Linking product identification systems, such as GPC and GTIN, and HS codes could prove very powerful and provide the global trading system with more information about product moving across borders and with new functionalities.”

The promise of TradeTech: Policy approaches to harness trade digitalization (2022)